If  you have you ever imagined the excitement of summiting Mount Kilimanjaro,the Africa's highest mountain,  Afrika Is One Adventure (Afioa) is here to help you plan this Adventure.

Mount Kilimanjaro was formed during the most recent faulting of the Rift valley two to three million years ago, an event that also led to the formation of Mount Kenya. Kilimanjaro was certainly an active volcano 100,000 years ago when the crater below Kibo Peak was formed. The glaciers around the peak probably began to form some 11,700 years ago. However, it is thought that due to global warming they will have melted within another 20 years.

It is possible that the snow-capped Mountains of the Moon described the Greek geographer, Ptolemy, in the second century AD referred to Mount Kilimanjaro. In the sixth century Chinese sailors returned home with tales of a great inland mountain, but Kilimanjaro remained something of an enigmatic legend to non-Africans well into the nineteenth century.


Mount Kenya  Naro moru route - The most scenic and interesting of the three main routes on the mountain.
The route passes the enchanting Hall Tarns and looks down sheer cliffs into the spectacular Gorges Valley and onto the beautiful Lake Michaelson.
ChogoriaRouteThe Gorges Valley is a major feature on the Chogoria Route. This route leads from Chogoria town up to the peaks circuit. The 32 km (20 miles) from the forest gate to the park gate are often done by vehicle, but it is also possible to walk. There is much wildlife in the forest, with safari ant columns crossing the track, monkeys in the trees, and the potential of seeing elephants, buffaloes and when lucky a leopard. The road is not in good condition, and requires careful driving and walking. Near the park gate the bamboo zone starts, with grasses growing to 12 m high (40 ft).
Once in the park the track passes through rosewood forests, with lichens hanging from the branches. At one point the path splits, with the smaller track leading to a path up the nearby Mugi Hill and across to Lake Ellis.
The Temple is a large overhanging buttress overlooking Lake Michaelson, close to Hall Tarns. Near the trackhead a small bridge crosses the Nithi stream. Following the stream downriver a few hundred meters (yards) leads to The Gates Waterfall. The path heads up a ridge above the Gorges Valley, with views to the peaks, Lake Michaelson, The Temple, and across the valley to Delamere and Macmillan Peaks. Hall Tarns are situated right on the path and above The Temple, which is a 300 m (1,000 ft) cliff above Lake Michaelson.
As the path carries on it crosses the flat head of the Nithi River and then the slope steepens. The path splits, heading west to Simba Col, and south west to Square Tarn. These are both on the Peak Circuit Route.
Sirimon route - The least used of the three main routes, but features the most gradual ascent profile and best acclimatization options and above all the most interesting since it’s on the drier side on the mountain. The route passes through impressive Yellowwood forests in the lower reaches and features abundant wildlife and beautiful alpine scenery higher up There are other four routes up Point Lenana but are least known and used. These are: Burguret Route, Timau Route, Meru Route and Kamweti Route
Weather The normal pattern of weather on Mount Kenya is for clear mornings with mist closing in from 10:00am although this can clear by evening. Therefore, early morning starts are the order of the day with a 2am start for the final ascent to point Lenana, if you want to catch the sunrise.

Sirimon Route This route starts 15 km (9 miles) east around the Mount Kenya Ring Road from Nanyuki. The gate is 10 km (6 miles) further along the track, which can be walked or driven by two-wheel drives.The track climbs up through the forest. On the north side of the mountain there is no bamboo zone, so the forest gradually turns into moorland covered with giant heather. The track ends at Old Moses Hut and becomes a path. This continues up the hill before splitting into two routes. To the left, the least used path goes around the side of the Barrow, to Liki North Hut. The vegetation becomes sparser, with giant lobelia and groundsels dotted around. The path climbs over a ridge, before rejoining the main path ascending the Mackinder Valley. Shipton's Cave can be found in the rock wall to the left of the steep path just before reaching Shipton's Camp.From Shipton's Camp, it is possible to ascend the ridge directly in front of the camp to the site of Kami Hut, which no longer exists, or follow the river up to Lower Simba Tarn and eventually to Simba Col. These are both on the Peak Circuit Path.

Note:The number of days to climb or hike varies and can be tailor made to suit your interest.

 

Mount Kenya being the second highest peak in Africa it stands somewhat unjustly in the shadow of it's taller neighbor Kilimanjaro, which lies some 320km away in the south and sometimes  visible on a clear day. In  Kilimanjaro you may see much more traffic - due to the possibility of summiting via several non-technical trekking routes ,but Mount Kenya offers a wealth of excellent and diverse climbing possibilities on rock, snow and ice. The rock on Mount Kenya can be of variable quality but is at its best high on the mountain where the syenite rock is similar to granite - rough, hard and well endowed with features.
In Mount Kenya climbing,there are three main routes, which penetrate the forest and the moorland.The main routs are Naro Moru , Sirimon  and Chogoria.Each of which has something different to offer.
Naromoru route -The fastest route to point Lenana but not as scenic as the other two. It is often overcrowded with many climbers since it's the most popular route compared to Chogoria route and Sirimon route.
Naromoru Route Vertical bog on Mount Kenya. This route is taken by many of the trekkers who try to reach Point Lenana. It can be ascended in only 3 days and has bunkhouses at each camp so a tent is not necessary. The terrain is usually good, although one section is called the Vertical Bog.

The track starts in Naro Moru town and heads past the Park Headquarters up the ridge between the Northern and Southern Naro Moru Rivers. At the roadhead is the Meteorological Station, to which it is possible to drive in the dry season. The route drops down into the Northern Naro Moru Valley to Mackinders Camp on the Peak Circuit Path.

Mountain Climbing Equipments:
Here is a small checklist of the necessary items required for climbers. Anorak, raincoat, scarf, gloves, balaclava,goggles or sunglasses, a peaked sun hat, warm sweaters, warm trousers, waterproof trousers, pairs of socks, mountain boots, apair of light shoes, rucksack, sleeping bag, water bottle,headache pills, torch with extra batteries, sun protection cream. Note that, climbing gears for mountain climbers are not included in the tour price but they can be hired at the mountain Park gates.

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