If  you have you ever imagined the excitement of summiting Mount Kilimanjaro,the Africa's highest mountain,  Afrika Is One Adventure (Afioa) is here to help you plan this Adventure.

Mount Kilimanjaro was formed during the most recent faulting of the Rift valley two to three million years ago, an event that also led to the formation of Mount Kenya. Kilimanjaro was certainly an active volcano 100,000 years ago when the crater below Kibo Peak was formed. The glaciers around the peak probably began to form some 11,700 years ago. However, it is thought that due to global warming they will have melted within another 20 years.

It is possible that the snow-capped Mountains of the Moon described the Greek geographer, Ptolemy, in the second century AD referred to Mount Kilimanjaro. In the sixth century Chinese sailors returned home with tales of a great inland mountain, but Kilimanjaro remained something of an enigmatic legend to non-Africans well into the nineteenth century.


Marangu Route: This is definitely the easiest and probably the most popular route for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.

It’s often called the "Coca Cola" Route because this is the only one where climbers can buy soft drinks and snacks at each stop on the way up.

For what it’s worth, this route is also considered to be a bit of a joke by serious climbers, and in fact many of the more experienced operators don’t run trips up Marangu because it’s the least spectacular in scenery and it seems to attract the most people who aren’t really committed to doing it properly.You can do Marangu in 5 or 6 days, and just as with the other routes, people tend to have a much greater rate of success if they choose the longer option. Its advisable to have extra day on the mountain to acclimatize which can make a huge difference in your ability to make it to  the summit on that final grueling day.The first few days are each around 5 hours of climbing, and each night you’ll reach a camp that has cabins full of bunk beds that can hold around 60 climbers in total. All the other routes require camping in tents, so these mountain huts make for a much different experience.

Machame Rout: Also known as the
"Whisky Route" no doubt in order to set it apart from the ‘Coca Cola’ Marangu route as an option not for the soft-core, Machame is probably the easiest of the outfield routes, and is widely regarded as the most scenic route on the mountain. It is usually completed in either 6 or 7 days, with 7 being the norm thanks to the obvious advantage of an extra day of altitude adjustment. For those choosing a 6-day option prepare for a couple of taxing 10-hour pushes.

Another great advantage to using Machame Route is the fact that the first few days see a substantial gain in elevation that eases the altitude stress on over the days following, and in particular preceding the brutal summit push. Descent is usually via the Mweka route. About 40 percent of those climbing Kilimanjaro use this route.

Rongai Rout: This climb is the least-used of the main ones due to its remote starting location north of Kilimanjaro. It’s normally done in 6 days starting through some heavily-wooded areas, and the final two days are the same as the Marangu Route. You might have to look around for operators who will book the Rongai Route, but it can be done if you are determined.

This route is seldom used due to the fact that the trailhead is very remote and difficult to reach. It begins north of Kilimanjaro in a heavily wooded area near the Kenyan border. This route normally takes 6 days and is relatively easy compared to some of the others, but of course none of the Kilimanjaro routes is truly easy.

The main appeal of the Rongai Route is the sensation of unspoiled wilderness climbers feel for the first 4 days, which is a stark contrast from the popular Marangu Route and its mountain huts and snack stands at every camp.

The Main problem with Rongai is that it is visually quite uninteresting and focused on a section of the Kilimanjaro Forest that is severely impacted by deforestation and exotic tree plantations, so although it is remote, it is also not by any means the most attractive trail, besides which it intersects with Marangu so the illusion of isolation is brief.

Day 4 of Rongai ends at Kibo Hut, where it intersects with Marangu Route for its final two days. Day 5 of Rongai is the long and brutal summit day, which begins at midnight of Day 4 after only about 4 hours sleep. After reaching the Uhuru Summit in mid morning on Day 5, Rongai climbers descend on Marangu Route so the final night on the mountain is spent at the often-crowded Horombu Hut complex.

Mweka Rout:You might see discussions of the Mweka Route when researching Kilimanjaro. The Machame and Lemosho Routes typically descend on the Mweka Route because it’s the quickest way down and there is little point in retracing all your steps down the greater distances of Machame or Lemosho. It’s not commonly used to ascend.

 

Mount Kenya being the second highest peak in Africa it stands somewhat unjustly in the shadow of it's taller neighbor Kilimanjaro, which lies some 320km away in the south and sometimes  visible on a clear day. In  Kilimanjaro you may see much more traffic - due to the possibility of summiting via several non-technical trekking routes ,but Mount Kenya offers a wealth of excellent and diverse climbing possibilities on rock, snow and ice. The rock on Mount Kenya can be of variable quality but is at its best high on the mountain where the syenite rock is similar to granite - rough, hard and well endowed with features.
In Mount Kenya climbing,there are three main routes, which penetrate the forest and the moorland.The main routs are Naro Moru , Sirimon  and Chogoria.Each of which has something different to offer.
Naromoru route -The fastest route to point Lenana but not as scenic as the other two. It is often overcrowded with many climbers since it's the most popular route compared to Chogoria route and Sirimon route.
Naromoru Route Vertical bog on Mount Kenya. This route is taken by many of the trekkers who try to reach Point Lenana. It can be ascended in only 3 days and has bunkhouses at each camp so a tent is not necessary. The terrain is usually good, although one section is called the Vertical Bog.

The track starts in Naro Moru town and heads past the Park Headquarters up the ridge between the Northern and Southern Naro Moru Rivers. At the roadhead is the Meteorological Station, to which it is possible to drive in the dry season. The route drops down into the Northern Naro Moru Valley to Mackinders Camp on the Peak Circuit Path.

Mountain Climbing Equipments:
Here is a small checklist of the necessary items required for climbers. Anorak, raincoat, scarf, gloves, balaclava,goggles or sunglasses, a peaked sun hat, warm sweaters, warm trousers, waterproof trousers, pairs of socks, mountain boots, apair of light shoes, rucksack, sleeping bag, water bottle,headache pills, torch with extra batteries, sun protection cream. Note that, climbing gears for mountain climbers are not included in the tour price but they can be hired at the mountain Park gates.

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