If  you have you ever imagined the excitement of summiting Mount Kilimanjaro,the Africa's highest mountain,  Afrika Is One Adventure (Afioa) is here to help you plan this Adventure.

Mount Kilimanjaro was formed during the most recent faulting of the Rift valley two to three million years ago, an event that also led to the formation of Mount Kenya. Kilimanjaro was certainly an active volcano 100,000 years ago when the crater below Kibo Peak was formed. The glaciers around the peak probably began to form some 11,700 years ago. However, it is thought that due to global warming they will have melted within another 20 years.

It is possible that the snow-capped Mountains of the Moon described the Greek geographer, Ptolemy, in the second century AD referred to Mount Kilimanjaro. In the sixth century Chinese sailors returned home with tales of a great inland mountain, but Kilimanjaro remained something of an enigmatic legend to non-Africans well into the nineteenth century.


When you read a bout the East African Mountains,There are 7 or 8 different routes that people use each year for Kilimanjaro but two in particular are more popular than all the others put together.The main routes with brief summaries.

About Mount Kenya it is Africa’s second highest mountain at 5,199m (17,058 feet) and the highest of all Kenya Mountains. It is roughly circular, about 60km across at the 200mm contour, where the steep font hills rise out of the gentler slopes of the centered highlands. At the centre of the massif, the main peaks rise sharply from around 4,500m to the main summit of Batian 5,199m, Nelion 5,188m and point Lenana 4,985m. Other major summits on the mountain include Point Piggott 4,957m, Point Dutton 4,885 and Point John 4,883m. Of the three main peaks (Batian, Lenana and Nelion), only point Lenana can be reached by trekkers and the other two being only for technical climbers.

Apart from the superb climbing potential on Mount Kenya, its tarns and alpine meadows; exotic, equatorial, high-altitude vegetation; sunbirds, hyrax and soaring eagles make the walk around the peaks one of the most beautiful expeditions in the East African mountains.

After the cultivated farmlands on the lower slopes the trails pass through the rain forest, rich in trees of many species but noticeably camphors, then onto a bamboo zone growing to heights of more than 12m or more up through open moor land before reaching the moonscape of higher slopes. The forests are rich in wildlife including elephants, buffaloes and monkeys with even the moor lands offering a long list of mammals including the rock hyrax, the nearest living relative of the elephant.

Mt. Kenya is an ancient volcanic mountain much older than Mt. Kilimanjaro. It’s believed to have once reached well above 6000m. What is left today is volcanic plug which erosion has fashioned into the complex jagged outline of the central peaks.



About Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya is Africa’s second highest mountain at 5,199m (17,058 feet) and the highest of all Kenya Mountains. It is roughly circular, about 60km across at the 200mm contour, where the steep font hills rise out of the gentler slopes of the centered highlands. At the centre of the massif, the main peaks rise sharply from around 4,500m to the main summit of Batian 5,199m, Nelion 5,188m and point Lenana 4,985m. Other major summits on the mountain include Point Piggott 4,957m, Point Dutton 4,885 and Point John 4,883m. Of the three main peaks (Batian, Lenana and Nelion), only point Lenana can be reached by trekkers and the other two being only for technical climbers.

Mount Kenya is the second highest peak in Africa and stands somewhat unjustly in the shadow of it's taller neighbor Kilimanjaro, which lies some 320km away in the south and is visible on a clear day. Kilimanjaro may see much more traffic - due to the possibility of summiting via several non-technical trekking routes and due to the sometimes dubious honor of being one of the Seven Summits - but Mount Kenya offers a wealth of excellent and diverse climbing possibilities on rock, snow and ice. The rock on Mount Kenya can be of variable quality but is at its best high on the mountain where the syenite rock is similar to granite - rough, hard and well endowed with features.

Apart from the superb climbing potential on Mount Kenya, its tarns and alpine meadows; exotic, equatorial, high-altitude vegetation; sunbirds, hyrax and soaring eagles make the walk around the peaks one of the most beautiful expeditions in the East African mountains.

After the cultivated farmlands on the lower slopes the trails pass through the rain forest, rich in trees of many species but noticeably camphors, then onto a bamboo zone growing to heights of more than 12m or more up through open moor land before reaching the moonscape of higher slopes. The forests are rich in wildlife including elephants, buffaloes and monkeys with even the moor lands offering a long list of mammals including the rock hyrax, the nearest living relative of the elephant.

Mt. Kenya is an ancient volcanic mountain much older than Mt. Kilimanjaro. It’s believed to have once reached well above 6000m. What is left today is volcanic plug which erosion has fashioned into the complex jagged outline of the central peaks.

 

Mount Kenya being the second highest peak in Africa it stands somewhat unjustly in the shadow of it's taller neighbor Kilimanjaro, which lies some 320km away in the south and sometimes  visible on a clear day. In  Kilimanjaro you may see much more traffic - due to the possibility of summiting via several non-technical trekking routes ,but Mount Kenya offers a wealth of excellent and diverse climbing possibilities on rock, snow and ice. The rock on Mount Kenya can be of variable quality but is at its best high on the mountain where the syenite rock is similar to granite - rough, hard and well endowed with features.
In Mount Kenya climbing,there are three main routes, which penetrate the forest and the moorland.The main routs are Naro Moru , Sirimon  and Chogoria.Each of which has something different to offer.
Naromoru route -The fastest route to point Lenana but not as scenic as the other two. It is often overcrowded with many climbers since it's the most popular route compared to Chogoria route and Sirimon route.
Naromoru Route Vertical bog on Mount Kenya. This route is taken by many of the trekkers who try to reach Point Lenana. It can be ascended in only 3 days and has bunkhouses at each camp so a tent is not necessary. The terrain is usually good, although one section is called the Vertical Bog.

The track starts in Naro Moru town and heads past the Park Headquarters up the ridge between the Northern and Southern Naro Moru Rivers. At the roadhead is the Meteorological Station, to which it is possible to drive in the dry season. The route drops down into the Northern Naro Moru Valley to Mackinders Camp on the Peak Circuit Path.

Mountain Climbing Equipments:
Here is a small checklist of the necessary items required for climbers. Anorak, raincoat, scarf, gloves, balaclava,goggles or sunglasses, a peaked sun hat, warm sweaters, warm trousers, waterproof trousers, pairs of socks, mountain boots, apair of light shoes, rucksack, sleeping bag, water bottle,headache pills, torch with extra batteries, sun protection cream. Note that, climbing gears for mountain climbers are not included in the tour price but they can be hired at the mountain Park gates.

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